This panorama presents the list of regulations across the world. Most information was collected through public means.
Countries with Regulations
Current countries and zones with IoT cyber security regulations:
- European Union
- Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- Thailand Preliminary work announced. More information needed.
- United Arab Emirates
- United Kingdom
- United States of America
If you want to reference this work, please refer to this page directly. This is to limit forks and consolidate efforts.
Note: The data is available on GitHub if you want to generate your own panorama.
Map of IoT Cyber Security Regulations
The table below presents the results of our analysis with the following indicators:
- ✅ Yes, 🆗 Partially, ❌ No and 🛑 N/A (Not Applicable) when the information is available.
- ❔ TBC (To Be Confirmed) when no information is available due to an on-going development.
|Australia||Brazil||Canada||China||European Union||European Union||Finland||India||Japan||Kingdom of Saudi Arabia||Singapore||Thailand||United Arab Emirates||United Kingdom||USA||USA - California||USA - Oregon||Vietnam|
|Name of the regulation||Code of Practice - Securing the Internet of Things for Consumers||Requisitos de segurança cibernética para equipamentos para telecomunicações||Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act||Draft guidelines for the construction of basic security standard systems for the Internet of Things ('IoT')||Regulation (EU) 2019/881||Articles 3(3)(e) and (f) of the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU||Tietoturvamerkki||Code of Practice for Securing Consumer Internet of Things (IoT)||IoT Security Safety Framework||Internet of Things Regulatory Framework||Cybersecurity labelling scheme||IoT cyber security regulations||Internet of Things Regulatory Policy||Proposals for regulating consumer smart product cyber security||H.R. 1668 - IoT Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2020||Senate Bill No. 327 - Information privacy: connected devices||House Bill 2395||Decision No. 736/QĐ-BTTTT on 31 May 2021 ("Decision") Setting out the List of Baseline Requirements to Ensure Cyber Security for Consumer IoT Devices|
|Shortname||Code of Practice||Act nº 77, 5th of January 2021||PIPEDA||IoT cybersecurity guidelines||Cybersecurity Act||RED||Finnish Cybersecurity Label||Code of Practice - Consumer IoT||IoT-SSF||IoT Regulatory Framework||CSL||🛑 N/A||IoT Regulatory Policy||Secure by Design||IoT Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2020||SB-327||HB 2395||List of Baseline Cyber Security Requirements for Consumer IoT|
|Author||Australian Government, Department of Home Affairs||Brazilian Agency of Telecommunications (Anatel)||Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada||Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)||European Commission||European Commission||Finnish transport and communication agency (Traficom)||Telecommunication Engineering Center||Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)||Communication and Information Technology Commission||Cyber Security Agency of Singapore (CSA)||Office of the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC)||Telecommunications Regulatory Authority||Department for Digital, Media, Culture and Science||Congress||California State Senate||Oregon House of Representatives||Authority of Information Security (AIS)|
|Date of issue||October 2020||5 January 2021||August 2020||On-going work||On-going work for IoT||Q4 2021||2020||31/08/2021||5 November 2020||September 2019||October 2020||On-going work||22 March 2018||On-going work||12 April 2020||28 September 2018||16 April 2019||31/05/2021|
|Is the regulation in force?||✅ Yes||✅ Yes (applicable from 4 July 2021)||✅ Yes||❌ No||✅ Yes (not applicable to IoT yet)||❌ No||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❌ No||✅ Yes||❌ No||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes|
|Scope||Consumer IoT||IoT and telecommunication equipment||All IoT systems (privacy-focused)||All IoT systems||All IoT systems||Internet-connected radio equipment||Consumer IoT||Consumer IoT||All IoT devices and systems||All IoT systems||Consumer IoT||❔ TBC||Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment providing IoT Service, IoT service providers||Consumer IoT||All IoT devices and systems||Consumer IoT||Consumer IoT||Consumer IoT|
|Target Actors||IoT manufacturers||IoT manufacturers, IoT suppliers||IoT manufacturers||IoT manufacturers||IoT manufacturers||IoT manufacturers||IoT manufacturers||IoT Device Manufacturers, IoT Service Providers / System integrators, Mobile Application Developers, Retailers||IoT manufacturers||IoT manufacturers, IoT service providers||IoT manufacturers, Consumers||❔ TBC||IoT manufacturers, IoT service providers||IoT manufacturers (producers) and distributors||Federal agencies owning or controlling IoT devices and systems||IoT manufacturers||IoT manufacturers||IoT manufacturers|
|Mandatory or Voluntary?||Voluntary||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Voluntary||Voluntary||Voluntary||Mandatory||Voluntary||Mandatory (❔ TBC)||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Mandatory||Voluntary|
|Is there a label or a certification?||✅ Label||✅ Certification (homologation)||❌ No||✅ Certification||✅ Label||❌ No||✅ Label||✅ Certification||❌ No||❌ No||✅ Label (levels 1 and 2), ✅ Certification (levels 3 and 4)||❔ TBC||❌ No||❌ No (mandated product assurance remains possible in the future)||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No|
|Does the regulation mandate baseline security requirements?||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❌ No||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❔ TBC||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes|
|Are there additional requirements to the baseline security?||❌ No||❌ No||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❌ No||❌ No||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||🛑 N/A||❌ No||✅ Yes||❔ TBC||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No|
|Does the regulation contains assurance levels?||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❔ TBC||✅ Yes||❌ No||✅ Yes||❌ No||🛑 N/A||❌ No||✅ Yes, 4 levels (self-assessment to third-party verification by an accredited lab)||❔ TBC||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No|
|Is compliance with ETSI EN 303 645 a requirement?||✅ Yes||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❔ TBC (very likely to be ✅ Yes)||❌ No||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❌ No||❌ No||✅ Yes||❔ TBC||❌ No||✅ Yes (subset)||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||✅ Yes|
|Can ETSI EN 303 645 be used to comply with the regulation?||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❔ TBC||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||🆗 Partially||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes|
|Are other standards or guidance referenced? (cf. regulation)||❌ No||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❌ No||❌ No||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||✅ Yes||❌ No||✅ Yes||❔ TBC||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No||❌ No|
Cetome is an independent security consultancy based in London, UK and Lyon, France and operating globally. We work with organisations where security is important and that need to tackle several challenges in terms of resources, capabilities or skills. At Cetome, we understand the challenges of IoT security and its complexity. We work with IoT manufacturers, service providers and users of consumer and industrial IoT systems to protect these solutions from cyber threats. Our experts make sure that your activity is secure against cyber risks by implementing accepted security measures and help you prepare to future certification.
About the Author
Dr. Cédric LÉVY-BENCHETON is the CEO and founder of Cetome. Cédric has expertise in IoT security. Cédric previously worked at ENISA, the European Union Cyber Security Agency. Before that, Cédric designed critical networks for public transports.